The skin is the largest organ of the human body and thus remains susceptible to a number of risks. One such risk is hyperpigmentation, which causes some parts of the skin to be darker in shade when compared to the surrounding area. It occurs when there is an excess production of melanin, the pigment that gives the skin its colour, which forms deposits under the skin, causing it to appear darker. The affected areas will usually manifest in any form such as sunspots, scars or uneven brown patches. There is, however, no cause for alarm, as the condition is medically harmless and only interferes with cosmetics.

Signs and Symptoms

The only clear sign and symptom of hyperpigmentation is the appearance of dark patches anywhere on the skin. The patches may vary in size and shade depending on the type of hyperpigmentation. There is melisma, a form of hyperpigmentation that occurs because of hormonal changes such as during pregnancy. Then there are sunspots, which appears on areas of the skin that are constantly exposed to the sun such as the face and hands. Finally, there is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which occurs due to injury to the skin. Note that any of these types of hyperpigmentation can affect people of all ages, race and any gender. Read more →